Site Management
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Naming Files

When you create a Web page, you should get into the habit of naming your files in a way that makes them easy to find and group similar files in a directory listing. These are the golden rules:

  • Always use lowercase.
  • Always use short and descriptive file names if you can.
  • Never use weird characters in file and anchor/bookmark names.
  • You can use a dash (-) or underscore (_) within file names instead of spaces (spaces will turn into “%” in browser windows and will cause problems on the Internet and other platforms).
  • Try not to arbitrarily change the name of your page; other web sites may link to your old file name.

File Name Extensions

A Web site may contain many files in different formats. Knowing different file extensions will help you manage your files. Here are some basic file extensions:

  • .htm / .html – A basic web page. View using your web browser.
  • .jpg / .gif - Graphic file formats that use compression standards.
  • .doc - A Microsoft Word document; to view or print these files, you will need to use Microsoft Word in your local computer to open or save the file.
  • .pdf – Adobe Portable Document Format, for printing. Can be viewed in your browser or downloaded to your local computer, depending on your browser settings. You will need a PDF viewer to use these documents. Converting your word document into a .pdf essentially makes it a picture, so it is more difficult for people viewing your page to copy your work.
  • .ppt - A Microsoft PowerPoint document; to print these files, you will need to save the file to your local computer and then use Microsoft PowerPoint.
  • .xls – Excel document
  • .txt – plain text file – unlike a word processor these files have no formatting
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