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Creation elements.

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<record identifier>0001</record identifier>

<creator>Molly Wheeler</creator>

<title>Embossed Disc Technology</title>

<subject>embossed discs</subject>

<language>American English</language>

<media type>paper</media type>

<format>MS Word 2002</format>

<record type>term paper</record type>

<date filed>September 25, 2002</date filed>

<publication date>September 29, 2002</publication date>

<date received>September 31, 2002</date received>

<originating organization>Graduate School of Library and Information Science </originating organization>

<addressee>Pat Galloway</addressee>

<comment>

Term paper elements.

</comment>

<term paper>

<title page>

<author>Molly Wheeler</author>

<due date>September 31, 2002</due date>

<course title>Preservation Class</course title>

<instructor>Pat Galloway</instructor>

< title>Embossed Disc Technology</title>

</title page>

<comment>

Appraisal, inventory, and disposal elements.

</comment>

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<coverage>fall 2002 semester</coverage>

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<retention status>permanent</retention status>

<relation>annotated bibliography</relation>

<disposition action>transfer</disposition action>

<disposition action trigger>one month after semester close</disposition action trigger>

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<disposition authority>Molly Wheeler</disposition authority>

 

<comment> technical environmental elements</comment>

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<location>PCL GR 234 1998</location>

<body>

<paragraph>The concept of embossing a groove along an adaptable material was the very first in recorded sound. <proper name>Edison's</proper name> original recorded sound invention in <historical date>1877</historical date>, the "<keyword>phonograph</keyword>," embossed a groove into tinfoil by the vibration of a recording point. <proper name>Edison</proper name> was quickly caught up to, in <historical date>1887</historical date>, by <proper name>Charles Sumner Tainter</proper name> & <proper name>Chichester Bell</proper name>, who together developed <proper name>Edison's</proper name> idea further into the "<keyword>graphophone</keyword>," and engraved sound's modulations into wax, in place of <proper name>Edison's</proper name> embossment of foil. This advancement allowed for commercial development since the cylinders could be played more than the precious few times that <proper name>Edison's</proper name> tin foil phonograph made possible. The issue of embossment versus engraving became the central argument in the licensing wars that ensued between the phonograph and graphophone inventors. Embossment in the recording process disappeared for several years, persisting only in zinc disc recording, until the arrival of instantaneous recordings, when it was employed steadily for nearly two decades.

</paragraph>

<paragraph>The primary discs that were recorded by an embossing process were uncoated aluminum discs, which will be the focus of my paper. However, there were several other commonly used embossed discs and I will briefly cover these as well.

</paragraph>

</body>

<notes>This paper is not complete.</notes>

</term paper>